EVON's Bio-intensive Methods

How to prepare beds, plant trees, & prepare bio-pesticides

Here is a list of useful handouts and other information we have prepared over the past three years based on our research results. 



  •  Our best yields are with Nepali Biointensive practices, easy ways to prepare a rich bed for vegetables.  Our research shows that biointensive beds produce 1.1 to 1.5 times MORE than chemical fertilizer.

How to do Sheet Composting ENGLISH
How to do Sheet Composting NEPALI

  • Gitimal -- Liquid nutrients for plants and soil.  Soil benefits from adding fermented plant juice. Healthy soil requires health microbes and fungus. This mixture will increase activity.

How to prepare Gitimal ENGLISH

  • Organic, open-pollinated seed saving guide for Nepali vegetables. Instead of buying hybrid seeds in the market, save your own seeds!

Seed saving guide

  • How to make a 2 foot deep vegetable bed (similar to double digging). Making a 2 ft deep bed is labor intensive, but is good for deep root crops like tomatoes and asparagus. For most vegetable crops we recommend a 4 inch deep bed (sheet composting above).

Make a 2 foot deep bed ENGLISH
Make a 2 foot deep bed NEPALI

  • Strong roots produce a strong plant if they have healthy soil to grow. Notice that tomato roots go much deeper than others.  This is a reason to prepare a 2 foot deep bed for tomatoes.  

Root Depth Comparison PDF

  • Urine as Fertilizer.  Cow and human urine are good fertilizers.

Cow Urine Foliar Spray ENGLISH
Cow Urine Foliar Spary NEPALI
Urine as a fertilizer NEPALI

  • Farming Calendars -- can be adapted to each microclimate of Nepal with appropriate shifts based on if the climate is warmer or colder than Patalekhet.

Tree Care & Maintenance Calendar ENGLISH
General Vegetable Planting Calendar ENGLISH

  • The importance of compost-making and preparation.

Compost preparation ENGLISH
Compost preparation NEPALI



  • How to plant and manage fruit and nut trees:  VERY IMPORTANT!  Good planting means good production. Planting a tree is an investment for future income.  If you follow instructions, you will get good results.

Tree Cultivation ENGLISH
Tree Cultivation NEPALI



  • Daniel Formulation -- a treatment for several insect pests, including aphids, made with local materials.

Daniel Formulation ENGLISH
Daniel Formulation NEPALI

  • Kumre Kira (White Grub) are very difficult to control.  Hand picking is effective.  Light trapping stops theadult beetles from reproducing.  A small CFL (or other)  bulb is suspended over a basin of water with a small amount of vegetable oil.  Beetles are attracted to the light, fall in the water and die.  It also catches some moths.  In one night we sometimes catch more than 100 beetles in one basin. We have tried Metarhizium Anisoplaea with uncertain results, and nematodes are also inconclusive.  Other treatments like ketuke (agave) and neem products were not effective.

  • Gobar Goop -- a formulation of local resources to help prevent & heal tree wounds and infections.

Gobar Goop preparation ENGLISH

***Also see "EVON's Insect & Disease Inventory and Treatments" under Research for additional pest treatment strategies.